As acid drains into alkali the pH changes. This can be monitored using a pH sensor to instantly produce a graph of pH against volume. The volume of acid added is entered using the keyboard. The experiment can be repeated using different combinations of strong and weak acid.
Burette, stand, magnetic stirrer, indicator soln., pH electrode, pH buffer solution, 200cm3 0.1 M sodium hydroxude NaOH, 50cm3 0.5M hydrochloric acid HCl, 200cm3 0.1M ethanoic acid CH3COOH, 200cm3 beakers, interface, pH sensor/ electrode.
Set up a beaker with 20 cm3 alkali & indicator, place on the stirrer. Fill the burette with acid.
Connect the pH electrode to the pH sensor. Connect the pH sensor to socket 1 on the interface.
Place the pH electrode in the beaker of alkali.
The software needs to know that you have connected a pH sensor. You may be able to calibrate the pH sensor to read correctly in known pH buffer solution.
The software also needs to know that you will be entering volumes of between 0 and 10 cm3 via the keyboard.
Recording the data
Start recording – you should be prompted to enter a volume at the keyboard. With no acid added, type 0.
Add 1 cm3 acid from the burette. Type in 1 for the new volume. Continue adding 1 cm3 acid and entering the total volume each time.
Using the results
When does the pH change most slowly? Is this at the beginning, the middle or the end of the titration?
When does the pH change most rapidly?
What does the graph tell you about the change in pH during a titration?
Save your data on disk. Print the graph.